Genealogy

Alexis Landry 1721-1798

My 5th Great Grandfather

Alexis Landry and his family had to relocate to the small village D`Aulac near fort Beausejour. This is where we find them on the 1752 census. that year, his family includes 2 girls and 5 boys (3 stepsons named Cormier). Following the fall of Fort Beausejour in 1755, Alexis follows the coast like many other Acadians. They were hiding as fugitives in the Mirmichi area. Barely able to survive under difficult conditions during the winter of 1756-1757, around 600 Acadians starved to death in the region of Miramichi (Mahone bay, n.s.).

In 1757, Alexis arrives in Caraquet with a few hundred Acadians. They would settle in Sainte-Anne-du- Bocage, but tranquility would not last too long. a suprise expedition by the British Army would take place in the fall of 1761. The settlers of Caraquet were able to escape because the British Ships were filled to capacity by the
Acadians in Nipisiguit (Bathurst, N.B.) left under surveillance of Indian Chief Pekemouche, the British told them to remain until their return in the spring. Needless to say, the Acadians did not ask their permission to leave Caraquet and saught refuge in Bonaventure on the north shore of the Baie Des Chaleurs, an area that wasn`t under the jurisdiction of the government of Nova Scotia.

picThis is how we find Alexis Landry and his family on the 1765 census of Bonaventure. he would then settle on the Ile Miscou near a river that would be later named `Le Ruisseau Landry` By 1769 the war was over for six years and Alexis Landry obtained the signed concent of the Magistrate of Nipisiguit to retake possession of his land in Sainte-Anne-du-Bocage near Caraquet.

The Landry family moved from Ile Miscou to Caraquet in the spring of that year. Durring his time spent on the North Shore of the Baie des Chaleurs, Alexis Landry had made some important contacts there with some British merchants. He began to trade with them for supplies and thus became an important merchant in Caraquet. as a carpenter he became a master shipbuilder.

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Alexis was born at Grand Pre, Baptized on 25 August 1721. Alexis married Marie Anne Terriot, widow of Jean Baptiste Cormier of Beaubassin, nine children born from  1746 to 1762. Alexis settled at Caraquet. This Alexis is the direct ancestor for a number of New Brunswick Landrys. in 1798, Alexis died at Caraquet and his grave can be found today at Sainte Anne Dubocage, where in 1961, (the year I was born) a monument was raised to mark his burial place, one of only a few of the known original Acadians.

alexis

   Acadian monument marking the grave site of Alexis Landry at Sainte Anne Dubocage.  One of only a few of
   the known original Acadians.

 

     church

     Painting by George Rodrigue, 1986

The Church at Grand Pré was the first Catholic Church built in Nova Scotia.

The British troops used it as a prison for the soon-to-be-exiled Acadians

 

Descendants of

  Jean-Claude Landry

Jean-Claude Landry was born 1593 in LaChausse, Loudon, Vienne, France, and died 1671 in France. He married Mareie Salle 1633 in Perche, France, daughter of Jean Sallee and Francoise Arnaud. She was born 1600 in Cougnes, LaRochelle, France, and died 1693.

 

Notes for JEAN-CLAUDE LANDRY:
The Acadian Landry family originated in La Ventrouze, near Montagne-au-Perche in the modern French department of L’Orne. Jean-Claude Landry came to Acadia about 1640-41 with his secon dwife, Marie Sallee and their son, Rene Landry dit LeJeune (the younger) who was born in 1634 in France.

They were accompanied by three of Jean-Claude’s adult children from his first marriage to a woman whose name remains unknown. One of these three children, Perrine Landry, was accompanied by her husband, Jacques Joffriau. The other two were fraternal twins, Rene Landry dit L’Aisne (the elder) and Anthoinette Landry. The twins were 22 years old and unmarried at the time of their arrival.

The family also included Marie’s three children from her marriage to the deceased Martin Aucoin. The family was likely attracted to Acadia by another daughter of Jean-Claude, Marguerite, who was married to Robert Martin and living in Acadia for several years prior to 1640.

All of Jean-Claude’s grandchildren were born in or around Port Royal. However, by the 1670’s that region that included the small town and the farming settlements along Riviere des Dauphins was getting crowded. Available farmland was becoming scarce, and several Acadian families began looking to the east to cultivate. Piere Melanson was already established on the banks of the Bassin des Mines (Minas Basin) about 60 miles east of Port Royal. In the late summer of 1680, a group of Acadians, including two sons of Rene Landry dit LeJeune, Anthoine and Claude, moved east to join Pierre Melanson on the Bassin des Mines. The grup included Pierre Therriot, who would later become the brother-in-law of Anthoine and Claude. The group first built a house for Pierre Therriot that served as shelter Jean-Claude Landry came to Acadia about 1640-41 with his second wife, Marie Sallee, and their son, Rene Landry dit LeJeune (the younger), who was born in 1634 in France.

They were accompanied by three of Jean-Claude’s adult children from his first marriage to a woman whose name remains unknown. One of these three children, Perrine Landry, was accompanied by her husband, jacques Joffriau. They other two were fraternal twins, Rene Landry dit L’Aisne (the elder) and Anthoinette Landry. The twins were 22 years old and unmarried at the time of their arrival. They family also included Marie’s three children from her marriage to the deceased Martin Aucoin. The family was likely attracted to Acadia by another daughter of Jean-Claude, Marguerite, who was married to Robert Martin and living in Acadia for several years prior to 1640.

All of Jean-Claude’s grandchildren were born in or around Port Royal. However, by the 1670’s, that region that included the small town and the farming settlements along the Riviere des Dauphins was getting crowded. Available farmland was becoming scarce, and several Acadian families began looking to the east for more land to cultivate. Pierre Melanson was already established on the banks of the Bassin des Mines (Minas Basin) about 60 miles east of Port Royal. In the late summer of 1680, a group of Acadians, including two sons of Rene Landry dit LeJeune, Anthoine and Claude, moved east to join Pierre Melanson on the Bassin des Mines. The group included Pierre Therriot, who would later become the brother-in-law of Anthoine and Claude. The group first build a house for Pierre Therriot that served as shelter for the entire group through the first winter. Then they began clearing high ground through the autumn and winter in order to construct home sites for the others. In the spring, they returned to the Port Royal region to plant and prepare the crop. After the next harvest, the group returned to the Bassin to continue the preparatory work for the new settlement.

The work done by this small group of settlers was the foundation of the settlement of Grand Pre, which later became famous as a principal point of embarkation for Acadian settlers during the deportation in 1755. Antoine and Claude Landry eventually settled at Bassin des Mines with their families on the banks of the riviere-des-habitants. The other married brothers and sisters of Anthoine and Claude followed them to the area. Jehan, Cecile and Marguerite established themselves at Grand Pre. Marie and her family settled at Riviere-aux-Gaspereux. Jeanne and her family settled at Riviere de Pigiguit.

villageAccording to documentation by Paul Surette, an Acadian historian from Moncton, New Brunswick, it should be noted here that establishing this settlement took several years and lots of hard work. In addition to building homes and clearing the land, a system of dykes had to be build. The Bassin des Mines was known for having high tides that would inundate the land daily. The dykes saved the land from the tides, but it was several years in the process before the land could be cultivated. The result of this effort was the most fertile farmland in North America.

 

 

caraquet

Downtown main street in Caraquet, Acadia

 

caraquet

The town of Caraquet before 1940.

 

 

 

Research still in progress.

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3 thoughts on “Genealogy”

  1. Anonymous said:

    Wow! this is amazing. My dad and I love looking and researching where we came from. Are there any pics of my 6th Gen. Grandfather Alexi?

  2. Anonymous said:

    was there anyone name junious landry in the landry line?

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